Psychosocial Intervention Component in Safer Migration (SaMi) Project
The Safer Migration project (SaMi) is a bilateral initiative of the Governments of Nepal (GoN) and Switzerland. The project is implemented through a partnership between the Ministry of Labour, Employment and Social Security (MoLESS), HELVETAS Swiss lnterco-operation Nepal as a technical assistance provider, the Foreign Employment Board (FEB) and selected local governments. CMC-Nepal is implementing psychosocial components to address social cost of migration in its’ phase I (2013-2014) in two districts, phase II (2015-2018) in nine districts and phase III (2019-2022) in 39 districts (156 local levels). Through the two first phases of the project (2011-2018) of implementation, SaMi project has been working for access to relevant information, to justice the protection of migrant rights. It intends to support Nepali potential migrants, both women and men by providing them with accurate and relevant information on foreign employment so that they can make informed decision whether to go for labor migration or not. The overall goal of the project is “Migrants (Male/Female/marginalized groups) and their families are better protected by Nepali institutions in Nepal and benefit from decent work conditions abroad”.
For the SaMi project, addressing the social costs of migration involves dealing with the significant social and psychological consequences of migration on the migrants and their families, i.e. mostly wives and children. Some of the key challenges that families of migrants have to deal with are: the separation of family members, distant relationship and separation of husband and wife, possible disputes between family members for the control over resources, as well as social stigma and pre-conceived ideas and prejudices on women left behind and/or their children who grow up without proper parenting support. The difficulties may even worsen when the migrant goes missing and faces difficulties in the country of destination. It is difficult for the family to cope with the lack of information about his/her whereabouts. In the case of death of a migrant, the left behind family will have to deal with the grief and with defining a way forward, socially and financially. In parallel the migrants who faced a very difficult experience abroad and return with traumas need to be supported when returning. In this respect, the target group of specific psycho-social support includes wives of migrants, children of migrants, migrant families and returnee migrants.